Myopia (Nearsightedness): What Is It, Causes, and Treatment Options
Do you have trouble seeing things clearly in the distance, like a television or street signs? If so, you may have myopia, otherwise known as nearsightedness.
In this article, I'll review what myopia is, causes of the condition, and popular treatment options.
What is myopia?
Simply put, myopia is a common visual condition that causes objects you’re looking at in the distance to appear blurry while objects up close remain clear.
For example, if you're nearsighted, you can easily see content on phone or tablet up close but be unable to clearly see the time on a clock in the distance.
What causes myopia?
The exact cause of myopia is unknown. However, if one or both of your parents are nearsighted, you have an increased chance of having myopia too!
From an anatomy perspective, myopia is caused when your cornea is too steeply curved or your eye is longer than normal. As a result, light is focused in front of your retina instead of on it.
Myopia treatment options
Glasses and contact lenses are the most common way nearsightedness is corrected. They're both easily accessible, minimally invasive, and widely available to accommodate a number of prescription and lifestyle options.
Growing in popularity is myopia control, a treatment option proven to decrease the rate of progression of myopia over time. If nearsighted children who have significantly nearsighted parents.
If you're looking for a more permanent solution, you should consider LASIK or PRK. Both of these refractive surgeries alter the shape of your eye to permanently treat nearsightedness.
Curious if you have myopia? Schedule an eye exam with one of our doctors of optometry today!